Urgent Museum Notice

Breakfast of the Birds

Close up of Breakfast of the Birds

Using loose brushstrokes, a woman seated at a table in front of a window with her back to the viewer. The table is set with a teapot, creamer and plates with pasties. Outside the window is a winter scene with five birds perched upon the snow-covered branches of a barren tree.

Gabriele Münter, Breakfast of the Birds, 1934; Oil on board, 18 x 21 3/4 in.; National Museum of Women in the Arts, Gift of Wallace and Wilhelmina Holladay; © 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS)/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

Breakfast of the Birds
Gabriele Münter

Breakfast of the Birds exemplifies Gabriele Münter’s expressionist style: thick, rapid brushstrokes, heavy, dark outlines, simplified forms, and compressed space. In the painting, a woman, sits indoors at a table arrayed with a meal. We share her view of snowcapped trees and a host of birds through the window. The heavy looking draperies that frame the window add an element of cosiness or claustrophobia, depending on one’s perspective. This interior has been interpreted alternately as indicative of solitude and quiet reflection or entrapment and emotional isolation. With her back to the viewer, the woman portrayed here has been identified by some scholars as the artist herself.

In 1911, Münter and other artists, including Franz Marc, Alexei Jawlensky, and Münter’s then-partner Vassily Kandinsky, founded Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), a progressive group based in Munich. Münter’s work is often associated with the expressionist style practiced by members of this group, but she demonstrated a sense of self-awareness and individuality that she applied passionately to her vivid canvases. In the midst of the Nazi era, Münter ignored the limitations imposed on her as a radical artist and continued to produce still lifes, portraits, landscapes, and interior scenes, such as Breakfast of the Birds.

Artwork Details

  • Artist

    Gabriele Münter
  • Title

    Breakfast of the Birds
  • Date

  • Medium

    Oil on board
  • Dimensions

    18 x 21 ¾ in
  • Donor Credit

    Wallace and Wilhelmina Holladay
  • Photo Credit

    © 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS)/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
  • On Display