Marguerite Gérard

1761–1837

Artist Details

Birth Place
Grasse, France
Death Place
Paris
Phonetic Spelling
mahr-geh-reet zhay-rahr
Medium
Drawings and prints; Painting
Style
Rococo
Places of Residence
Paris
Training
Private lessons
Retrospective Exhibitions

Marguerite Gérard, Musée Cognacq-Jay, Paris, 2009; Le Salon, Académie des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1799

NMWA Exhibitions

An Imperial Collection: Women Artists from the State Hermitage Museum, 2003
Four Centuries of Womens Art: The National Museum of Women in the Arts, 1990–91

About the Artist

Although she also produced oil portraits, portrait miniatures, and etchings, Marguerite Gérard is best known for intimate, domestic genre scenes.

Gérard, who never married and apparently never demonstrated any interest in joining the Academy, had a tremendously successful career. She won three medals for her work, which she exhibited regularly once the Salons were opened to women in the 1790s. Her pictures were acquired by luminaries such as Napoleon and King Louis XVII, and she acquired considerable wealth and real estate.

Her interest in art was shaped by her brother-in-law, the popular Rococo painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard, beginning in 1775, when she moved from Grasse to Paris to live with her sister’s family. As part of the Fragonard household, Gérard had considerable financial freedom, along with the opportunity to further her artistic training as her brother-in-law’s unofficial apprentice.

By her mid-20s, Gérard had developed her signature style, which featured painstakingly accurate details rendered with subtly blended brush strokes, both traits borrowed from 17th-century Dutch genre specialists, notably Gabriel Metsu. Gérard’s work is technically impressive but also practical: these relatively small-scale, portable canvases appealed to wealthy collectors who preferred to display in their homes meticulously painted still lifes and genre scenes rather than large history paintings. The numerous engraved versions of Gérard’s paintings made them accessible to less affluent art lovers and helped increase her reputation.

National Museum of Women in the Arts