Urgent Museum Notice

Image for Balancing Act: Fanny Sanín’s Paintings

Balancing Act: Fanny Sanín’s Paintings

Blog Category:  Artist Spotlight

Latin American art is often known for its brightly colored, fantastical works—most notably portrayed in Frida Kahlo’s Surrealist paintings—as well as its use of magical realism and folk mythology. However, the breadth of the region reaches into widely varied art forms, such as geometric abstraction, which originated in Europe and spread throughout Latin America between the 1930s and 1970s. Colombian artist Fanny Sanín became a pioneer of the geometric abstraction movement and a key figure in modern Latin American art.

Fanny Sanín, Acrylic No. 7, 1995; Acrylic on canvas, 52 in. x 48 in.; Gift of the artist, NMWA
Fanny Sanín, Acrylic No. 7, 1995; Acrylic on canvas, 52 in. x 48 in.; Gift of the artist, NMWA

Born in 1938, Sanín grew up in Bogotá, Colombia, and studied art at the University of Los Andes. Her emergence onto the art scene, along with contemporaries Jesús Rafael Soto and Raúl Lozza, coincided with post-war European influences of geometric abstraction. As a style rooted in orderliness and stability, geometric abstraction offered artists a respite from their volatile surroundings.

Installation view of Fanny Sanín’s Acrylic No. 7; NMWA
Installation view of Fanny Sanín’s Acrylic No. 7; NMWA

During the mid-20th century, many Latin American countries experienced extended periods of civil unrest, tumultuous government, and stalling economies. Geometric abstraction is based on systematic expressions of organization and structure that many artists’ lives and environments may have lacked. Although Sanín left Colombia to study at the University of Illinois in 1962 and continues to work abroad, Sanín’s paintings reflect her identity, rooted in Colombia.
To construct visual discipline in her paintings, Sanín explores spatial order through symmetry. Her Acrylic No. 7 and Acrylic No. 3, on view at NMWA, are representative of her oeuvre.
A prolific color field painter, Sanín repeats symmetrical design motifs characterized by blocky, simplified shapes consisting of two to five colors. Sanín’s paintings vary in size and composition, but each shares the artist’s unique aesthetic. Her cohesive geometric works evoke a sense of calm in their methodical construction.

1992_edited
Fanny Sanín, Acrylic No. 3, 1988; Acrylic on canvas, 45 3/4 in. x 40 in. x 1 1/2 in.; Gift of the artist, NMWA

Sanín’s paintings join other 20th-century abstract works in the museum’s third floor galleries, including colorful expressionist paintings by Elaine de Kooning and Joan Mitchell.
Sanín was one of the few female geometric abstraction artists, and she breathed life into the genre, particularly at a time when other artistic genres often overshadowed it. In the under-recognized field of Latin American geometric abstraction, it is important to note Sanín’s contributions creating artwork reflective of the political, economic, and social realities in Latin American history.

Related Posts

  • Artist Spotlight: Interview with Maggie Foskett

    Posted: Sep 18, 2009 in Artist Spotlight
    Maggie Foskett (American, b.1919) would not have you call her a “nature artist;” nor is she a romantic about humanity’s relationship with the natural world. Rather, she is an artist...
    Blog Category:  Artist Spotlight
  • Artist Spotlight: Alma Thomas

    Posted: Oct 14, 2009 in Artist Spotlight
    NMWA is proud to have two works by Alma Thomas. The mesmerizing paintings—created when the artists was nearly eighty years old—have been visitor and staff favorites. Alma Woodsey Thomas was...
    Abstract painting composed of brightly colored, lozenge-shaped brushstrokes in vertical stripes of navy, purple, turqouise, yellow, orange and red.The overall effect is as if the painting was collaged out of torn pieces of paper, with the white of the canvas showing through.
    Blog Category:  Artist Spotlight
  • Artist Spotlight: Lynda Benglis

    Posted: Nov 06, 2009 in Artist Spotlight
    Among NMWA's new acquisitions this year is a sculpture by the innovative Lynda Benglis (American, b. 1940). Often billed as a feminist artist, Benglis is media oriented, as she works...
    Blog Category:  Artist Spotlight