Urgent Museum Notice

Shirin Neshat

Black and white photo of a woman sitting next to a vase of lillies. Her eyes are lined in thick black pencil, which matches her dark brows. Her tiered metal necklace and dark v-neck shirt accenuate the skin of her chest. Her dark hair is pulled back and she smiles slightly.

Photo courtesy of Gladstone Gallery, New York

Born in 1957

Neshat left Iran to study art in Los Angeles in 1974, just prior to the Iran Islamic Revolution; she did not return until 1990. At that time, Neshat began to photograph herself wearing the chador, or veil. In 1983, Islamic law dictated the wearing of chador for women. Much of Neshat’s work examines the physical, emotional, and cultural implications of veiled women in Iran.

Her work, which has never been shown in Iran, essentially declares the female presence in a male dominated culture. In her films and photographs, the female gaze becomes a powerful and dangerous instrument for communication.

Her first series of photographs, Woman of Allah, 1993–97, combines images of women with written words taken from religious texts. Neshat further explored cultural taboos through video and video installations.

In 1997, she won the 48th Venice Biennial prize for her film Turbulent, which contrasts a man singing in front of an all-male audience, with a woman singing to an empty concert hall. Her work has been shown throughout Europe and the United States. She currently lives in New York and frequently travels to Iran, though the majority of her work is filmed in Morocco, Turkey, and the United States.

Artist Details

  • Name

    Shirin Neshat
  • Birth

    Qazvin, Iran, 1957
  • Phonetic Spelling

    SHEE-REEN neh-SHAHT

Works by Shirin Neshat

On Guard

Shirin Neshat’s photographs and video installations explore the cultural issues that shape her native Iran, with particular emphasis on the experience of women. She grew up in a westernized, upper middle class family in Iran and attended college in the U.S.

Returning to Iran in 1990, she was stunned by the cultural shifts that had resulted from the Iranian Revolution...

Close-up, black-and-white photograph of a woman's hands with fingers interlaced around a silver, vintage microphone. Lines of poetry inscribed in Farsi form a three-leaf shape on her left hand.